Who is the painting in progress [on the easel]?
Chuck Close: My wife. I'm going to try it one more time to make
one she likes. She's my toughest subject.
How many times have you painted her?
I think maybe this is the fifth time, over the years.
Isn't there a photo from the 70s of you pouring plaster over
I was making a dress mould so she could make her own clothes.
Not a George Siegel. [laughter]
How close to completion is the painting?
Well...from the tape up it's getting there. It's on the second
pass through from the tape up...the pass to the bottom. And then,
after I complete the second pass, I'll turn it the other way so
that the point that's in the left-hand corner will go up. I'll be
looking at each square adjacent to different squares, as I'm going
through the other diagonal.
So with each pass you get to --
Revise. The first pass is like the first draft. Then you go back
and you toss this word out, you put another word in and see if it
works better, you know. So, it's that kind of process.
As you rework, do you actually remove paint?
Not really remove...I just put more on.
Do you still start with only magenta on the first pass, as you did in
No, this has, you see, all the different colors. No, that was when
I was making paintings with only three colors - red, blue, and yellow.
This way there are a lot of different colors on there. I have to
move the colors from what's on there to what I want, which is, you
know, a series of 4, 5 or 6 corrections - correcting moves. It's
sort of the color equivalent of a musical chord. If you think about
the way a composer would go in a room and score, let's say, the
oboe's gonna play this note, the bassoon's gonna play that note,
the french horn will play that note, the resultant sound, the combination
of those notes makes kind of a chord, and I'm doing the same thing
with color. The 4, 5, or 6 colors when seen together will make kind
of a color chord, in a sense.
So the colors you start with will change?
They're wrong on purpose. One time there will be blue underneath
and the next one will have pink underneath and the next one will
have orange underneath or green underneath. That's so that the correction
moves will be different. I'll have to move from green to what I
want, the next time from pink to what I want. I respond to what's
already there, and all the decisions are made in context in the
rectangle instead of being made solely on the palette. So I'm always
bringing each square along by, relatively intuitively - what does
it need now? I need some of this color. I try to arrive at it in
4 or 5 colors. It's the way they work together. Also, at the same
time that I'm putting the colors on, by putting English on the stroke,
by having the shapes swell or shrink or have a dark center or a
light center, or a diagonal axis or whatever, or connect with other
shapes, that becomes a sort of drawing. Because there's no drawing
other than the grid. So at the same time that I'm finding the color
world I want, I'm also trying to make the imagery, you know, by
the nature of the strokes themselves.
You've said that you feel a relationship between your work
and the stone floor mosaics of southern Italy.
I was living in Rome for a couple of months, a few years ago. In
fact, I had sort of made a pilgrimage to Ravenna to see the Byzantine
mosaics, and I was disappointed. It was so far away, so high up
in the air that you couldn't see the individual tesserae. It was
dark and sort of dramatic, and the glistening gold and all of that
stuff, and I didn't find them very interesting. But from Rome south
you see a lot of floor mosaics, and the viewing distance, instead
of being like 40 feet in the air, is your height, and so it never
stops being chunks of stone even when it warps into an image. I
liked that; the physicality of it. And it also is a record of the
decisions the artisan made and it is almost as if I were looking
over his shoulder, even though several hundreds of years had passed,
because I can see how he chipped the corner off of one and nudged
it in and, you know, how a cluster of these marks ended up making
an eyeball or making a nose or something. And I thought that it
had a lot of affinity to what I do, but it was nothing that I was
aware of until after I was there. I think most paintings are a record
of the decisions that the artist made. I just perhaps make them
a little clearer than some people have, and clearer than I did with
my earlier paintings where it was all smushed together to make a
continuous surface, even though it was built out of units.
As your career has gone on you've pushed that mosaic quality
In between those early ones and what I'm doing now, there were
all kinds of pieces in which I tried to build works incrementally
and let the increments show, so I sprayed dots or I used my finger
prints or used chunks of pulp paper, or any one of a number of ways
to build an image out of discrete individual units.
Was "Robert I - IV", 1974, a stepping stone to those more discrete
units? The largest one in the series looks like your photographic
style works, while the smallest has so few squares that there's
only room for just a few dots.
Well, I had done a print...the world's largest mezzotint: "Keith".
That was the first piece in which I literally scratched into the
plate the lines of the grid, and let it be shown that a continuous
tone image was in fact made out of blocks, and after I did that
I started drawing a pencil grid on t.he canvas and spraying dots,
and that "Robert" series leads up to a 9 foot high piece that has
104,060 some dots. I discovered about 150 dots is the minimum number
of dots to make a specific recognizable person. You can make something
that looks like a head, with fewer dots, but you won't be able to
give much information about who it is. And then the next one [in
the series] had 4 times as many dots and 4 times as many dots and
4 times as many dots. There are thresholds below which you cannot
comment on things and above which you can, and finally with the
largest one, which is 9 feet high, I was actually making beard hairs,
or a string of them would become an eyelash. After "Robert" I did
some pastels and I did other pieces in which there was just basically
one color per square, and then they would get bigger and I could
get 2 or 3 colors into the square and ultimately I just started
making oil paintings.